Press "Enter" to skip to content

How do you spell et al?

“Et al.” is short for the Latin term “et alia,” meaning “and others.” It is used in academic citations when referring to a source with multiple authors: Hulme et al….This is because the term is an abbreviation of the Latin phrase “et alia”—the period indicates that it is an abbreviation:

  1. et al.
  2. et. al.
  3. et. al.
  4. et al.

How do you write et al correctly?

matter what, “et” is never followed by a period. Only “al” is followed by a period. That means that “et al.” is the only proper spelling of the phrase.

Can you say Et Al’s?

The grammatically correct way is “Einstein et al.’s paper”, because to indicate possession by a noun phrase in English, the ‘s should be applied to the end of the phrase.

How do you use et al in a sentence?

An example of et. al. used as an abbreviation is in the sentence, “The article was written by Smith, Jones, Paul, et al.” which means that Smith, Jones, Paul and others wrote the article.

Does et al need a comma?

Remember that there is no comma between the surname and “et al.,” and the period goes only after the “al.” The English translation of “et al.” is “and others.” …

How do you use a comma with et al?

In MLA style, a comma is generally only used before et al. in the “Author” slot of works-cited-list entries when the author’s first and last names are reversed: Burdick, Anne, et al.

Can you use et al in an email greeting?

Et al., the abbreviation of et alii, is about as friendly as a flu shot. They don’t fit well together. The use of et al. is not standard in greetings, so people will stumble over it, wondering whether they missed an important new rule somewhere.

What does et al mean in an email?

means and how to use it. Et al. is an abbreviation for et alia (neuter plural). But it can also be an abbreviation for et alii (masculine plural), or et aliae (feminine plural). This phrase means “and others.” Most commonly, et al. indicates other contributors (authors, editors, etc.)

Is et al capitalized in a title?

“et al.” stands for “et alia”. It does NOT have a period after “et” and DOES have one after “al”. Interword spaces: “TeX assumes a period ends a sentence unless it follows an uppercase letter.” (Lamport p. 14) So, put a /_ (where _ means “space”) in a sentence like Smith et al.

How do you write et al in a literature review?

If there are at least six authors, then you may use “et al.” from the first mention. In all cases, you should use the last name of the first author followed by “et al.” in your in-text citation.

Can you use et al as a possessive?

In the possessive form, et al. is followed by an apostrophe and an s: Simon et al.’s (2000) contribution to research … Latin words are sometimes italicised in English text, but abbreviations should not be in italics, unless the publisher requires it.

How many authors use et al APA 7?

A Work by Three or More Authors In et al., et should not be followed by a period. Only “al” should be followed by a period. Since et al. is plural, it should always be a substitute for more than one name. In the case that et al. would stand in for just one author, write the author’s name instead.

Is there a comma before et al in APA?

When there are two authors, give both names as well as the date in parentheses. When there are six or more authors, use only the first author’s name and et al, placing a comma before the date.

What is et al in citation?

One of these is the Latin phrase et al., an abbreviation meaning “and others.” It is used to shorten lists of author names in text citations to make repeated referencing shorter and simpler.

Can et al be used for things?

refers to a list of things, et al. refers to a list of people. Etc. is common in formal and informal writing.

How do you use et al in APA 7?

Use only the first author’s last name followed by “et al.”, for every use of the reference. List all authors up to 19 names. For 21 or more authors, include the first 19, then an ellipsis – – followed by the last author’s name.

Which APA format should I use?

Your essay should be typed and double-spaced on standard-sized paper (8.5″ x 11″), with 1″ margins on all sides. You should use a clear font that is highly readable. APA recommends using 12 pt.

How do you cite more than 7 authors in APA?

More Than Seven Authors List by last names and initials; commas separate author names. After the sixth author’s name, use an ellipsis in place of the author names. Then provide the final author name. There should be no more than seven names.

How do you cite more than 10 authors?

For the in-text citation for a book with eight or more authors, include the first author and then ‘et al. ‘. Include the first six authors’ names, then insert three ellipsis points and add the last author name in the Reference List.

How do you cite more than 20 authors in APA?

More Than Twenty Authors List by last names and initials; commas separate author names. After the first 19 authors’ names, use an ellipsis in place of the remaining author names. Then, end with the final author’s name (do not place an ampersand before it).

How do you cite more than 6 authors in APA in-text?

Six or More Authors: Use the first author’s name followed by et al. in the signal phrase or in parentheses. Unknown Author: If the work does not have an author, cite the source by its title in the signal phrase or use the first word or two in the parentheses.

How do you cite a bunch of authors?

Multiple Authors

  1. 2 Authors: Always cite both authors’ names in-text everytime you reference them. Example: Johnson and Smith (2009) found…
  2. 6 or More Authors: If a document has six or more authors, simply provide the last name of the first author with “et al.” from the first citation to the last. Example: Thomas et al.

What would you do if your work has 2 to 3 authors?

Number of Authors to Include in In-text Citations For a work with one or two authors, include the author name(s) in every citation. For a work with three or more authors, include the name of only the first author plus “et al.” in every citation, including the first citation, unless doing so would create ambiguity.