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What class of virus is polio?

Poliovirus is composed of an RNA genome and a protein capsid….

Class: Pisoniviricetes
Order: Picornavirales
Family: Picornaviridae
Genus: Enterovirus

What is the size of poliovirus?

about 30 nanometers

Is polio A virus bacteria or fungi?

Polio is a viral infection that can cause paralysis and death in its most severe forms. It can spread easily from person to person.

What are the 3 types of polio?

There are three wild types of poliovirus (WPV) – type 1, type 2, and type 3. People need to be protected against all three types of the virus in order to prevent polio disease and the polio vaccination is the best protection.

Is it necessary to give polio drops every year?

OPV is the WHO-recommended vaccine for the global eradication of polio. Each child requires just two drops per dose to be immunized against polio. Usually administered four times if the EPI schedule is followed, OPV is safe and effective in providing protection against the paralyzing poliovirus.

Can you get polio twice?

Lifelong immunity usually depends on which type of virus a person contracts. Second attacks are rare and result from infection with a polio virus of a different type than the first attack.

What are the benefits of polio vaccine?

Oral polio vaccine (OPV) OPV produces antibodies in the blood (‘humoral’ or serum immunity) to all three types of poliovirus, and in the event of infection, this protects the individual against polio paralysis by preventing the spread of poliovirus to the nervous system.

What if polio vaccine is missed?

There are no side effects to OPV, and it is not harmful to take it multiple times. What if I miss the polio drops or the routine immunization cycle? Key Response: You must resume immunization as soon as possible. Polio immunization is a cost free service available at the Government health facilities.

Is one polio vaccine enough?

CDC recommends that children get four doses of polio vaccine. They should get one dose at each of the following ages: 2 months old, 4 months old, 6 through 18 months old, and 4 through 6 years old.

What is the date of polio drops in 2019?

The National Polio immunisation programme, as part of which children in the age group of 0-5 years are administered polio drops, has been rescheduled to January 31. The National Immunisation Day (NID), commonly known as Pulse Polio Immunisation programme, was earlier scheduled for January 17 across India.

What is the date of polio drops in 2021?

30 January 2021

What is the date of polio?

January 31

Is India free of polio?

Polio free India: India marks more than nine years since last polio case: India received polio-free certification along with the entire South-East Asia Region of WHO on 27 March 2014 by WHO. January 2020 marks the nine years since the last case of polio was reported in India.

Can we give milk after polio drops?

The injectable polio vaccine now recommended in the United States is inactivated and poses no risk when given to mothers who are breastfeeding. [1,2] Breastfeeding also appears to reduce infant side effects associated with routine childhood immunization and can reduce the efficacy of oral polio vaccines.

When can I eat after OPV?

One group was on unrestricted breast-feeding with mandatory breast-feed during the interval between 30 minutes before and 15 minutes after each dose of OPV. In four groups of infants breast-feeding was withheld for three, four, five, and six hours both before and after each dose of OPV.

When do you give polio drops to babies?

What is the polio vaccine schedule? The first dose of polio vaccination in India can be given at birth. Thereafter two more doses are given at a gap of 4 weeks each. To put it simply, the first dose is given at birth, the second dose at the age of one month and the third dose at the age of two months.

What can I put in my baby’s shots?

A Little Sugar Water May Help Shots Under 6 Months A taste of sugar is particularly helpful in babies under 6 months. Try giving your baby a little sugar water before the vaccination, or dip a pacifier into the sweet liquid and let him suck on it during the injection.

How do I soothe my baby after Immunisation?

Calm young infants by swaddling them. Hugs, cuddles and soft whispers can help soothe older babies after a shot. Your child may have mild reactions, such as pain and swelling where the shot was given or a fever; these are common and will soon go away. Contact your child’s doctor if anything concerns you.