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What happened to the poor after the enclosure movement?

The poor were displaced from their lands and they found their customary rights gradually disappearing. Some of them moved to the southern counties of England, where there was a great demand for agricultural labourers. For them work became insecure, employment uncertain and income unstable.

What was the land enclosures act?

Enclosure Acts A series of United Kingdom Acts of Parliament which enclosed open fields and common land in the country, creating legal property rights to land that was previously considered common. Between 1604 and 1914, over 5,200 individual acts were put into place, enclosing 6.8 million acres.

How did the enclosure system hurt peasants?

Though the enclosure movement was practical in organizing land among wealthy landowners it also had a negative impact on peasant farmers. It caused massive urbanization as many farmers were forced to give up their shares of the land to wealthy landowners and move into the cities in search of work.

What impact did the Enclosure Act have on the future of farming?

The Enclosure Acts revolutionized farming practices, making agriculture the servant of the growing towns and cities created by the Industrial Revolution. As more and more rural dwellers were forced off their land by the new legislation, many of them moved to the rapidly developing urban conurbations in search of work.

What impact did the Enclosure Acts have on Britain?

The British Enclosure Acts removed the prior rights of local people to rural land they had often used for generations. As compensation, the displaced people were commonly offered alternative land of smaller scope and inferior quality, sometimes with no access to water or wood.

Who benefited from the enclosure movement?

However, in the 1700s, the British parliament passed legislation, referred to as the Enclosure Acts, which allowed the common areas to become privately owned. This led to wealthy farmers buying up large sections of land in order to create larger and more complex farms.

What factors allowed England to industrialize first?

Historians have identified several reasons for why the Industrial Revolution began first in Britain, including: the effects of the Agricultural Revolution, large supplies of coal, geography of the country, a positive political climate, and a vast colonial empire.

What are some negative effects of industrialization?

Some of the drawbacks included air and water pollution and soil contamination that resulted in a significant deterioration of quality of life and life expectancy. Industrialization also exacerbated the separation of labor and capital.

What impact did the Industrial Revolution have on living conditions?

The living conditions in the cities and towns were miserable and characterized by: overcrowding, poor sanitation, spread of diseases, and pollution. As well, workers were paid low wages that barely allowed them to afford the cost of living associated with their rent and food.

How did gender roles change as a result of industrialization Why?

In general, the coming of the Industrial Revolution led to a situation in which women became more subjugated to men and were allowed to have less contact with the public sphere. For this reason, women were seen as part of the economic unit and had a role that was not too dissimilar to that played by men.

What impact did industrialization have on the middle class?

The Industrial Revolution created new middle class. The middle class owned and operated the new factories, mines, and railroads. Their lifestyles were much more comfortable than the lives of working class. When farm families moved to the new industrial cities, they became workers in mines or factories.