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What is in the empty space between atoms?

The empty space between the atomic cloud of an atom and its nucleus is just that: empty space, or vacuum. Electrons are thus ‘spread out’ quite a bit in their orbits about the nucleus. In fact, the wave-functions for electrons in s-orbitals about a nucleus actually extend all the way down into the nucleus itself.

What happens to atoms that do not have their outer electron shell filled?

Atoms that do not have full outer shells will tend to gain or lose electrons, resulting in a full outer shell and, therefore, stability.

Why is there empty space between the nucleus and the electrons?

They have what is known as a wavefunction which can be considered a likely area, or probability, of the particle’s location. Electrons are quite spread out around the nucleus, which is why this area is referred to as an electron “cloud”. So, electrons are smeared over all of this “empty” space.

Does empty space exist?

Particles from empty space Quantum mechanics tells us that there is no such thing as empty space. Even the most perfect vacuum is actually filled by a roiling cloud of particles and antiparticles, which flare into existence and almost instantaneously fade back into nothingness.

Do your organs float?

The lungs are the only organ that can float on water. Each of your lungs contains about 300 million balloon-like structures called alveoli, which replace the carbon-dioxide waste in your blood with oxygen. When these structures are filled with air, the lungs become the only organs in the human body that can float.

Can a body float with punctured lungs?

Do bodies always float facedown? As a general rule, yes. A cadaver in the water starts to sink as soon as the air in its lungs is replaced with water. Also, if a body stays on the surface of the water for a long time it will release the built-up gas and sink once again.

Does food float in your stomach?

The simple answer is that it doesn’t! It doesn’t in space and it doesn’t on earth either. The food in your mouth is pushed to the stomach by muscles in the lining of the tube between mouth and your stomach. Then, in your stomach the digested food is pushed again into your intestines.

How do astronauts poop?

To poop, astronauts used thigh straps to sit on the small toilet and to keep a tight seal between their bottoms and the toilet seat. It didn’t work very well and was hard to keep clean. To poop, astronauts lift the toilet lid and sit on the seat — just like here on Earth.

Do astronauts feel hungry in space?

Astronauts may have plenty of food to eat, but being in space can put a damper on their appetites. Without gravity, food aromas waft away before they make it to the nose. When you can’t smell food very well, you can’t really taste it, either.

Are your intestines 5 times longer than your height?

Your intestines are about five times longer than your height. Food doesn’t need gravity to reach your stomach. Your stomach does most of the digestion. During your lifetime your digestive system will handle about 90 tonnes of food and drink.

How many feet of intestines do humans have?

The takeaway. Together your small and large intestines are about 15 feet or more in length. According to a 2014 study , the total surface area of your intestines is about half the size of a badminton court.

How much small bowel do you need to live?

How much small intestine do we need to maintain a life? If there is a normally functioning colon, then the cutoff point is around 60 cm of small bowel. If the colon is absent or nonfunctioning, then about 115 cm of small bowel will be required to maintain life.

Which is longer the small or large intestine?

Although the small intestine is narrower than the large intestine, it is actually the longest section of your digestive tube, measuring about 22 feet (or seven meters) on average, or three-and-a-half times the length of your body.

What does the rectum do in the digestive system?

Rectum: An 8-inch chamber that connects the colon to the anus. The rectum receives stool from the colon, sends signals to the brain if there is stool to be evacuated, and holds stool until evacuation can happen.

What 3 organs help the small intestine during digestion?

Three organs play a pivotal role in helping the stomach and small intestine digest food:

  • Pancreas. Among other functions, the oblong pancreas secretes enzymes into the small intestine.
  • Liver.
  • Gallbladder.

Where is bile stored in the body?

gallbladder

What triggers bile release?

Bile secretion is stimulated by secretin, and the bile is secreted into the gallbladder where it is concentrated and stored under fasting conditions. Concentration of bile within the gallbladder is stimulated principally by cholecystokinin, with absorption of up to 90% of the water occurring within a 4-hour period.

What color is bile acid?

Bile is usually yellow or green.

How is bile created?

Bile is formed by filtration in response to osmotic gradients created by the transport of osmotically active solutes into the bile canalicular lumen. Water and small solutes enter the biliary space passively via solvent drag (514).

What foods produce bile?

Bitter foods are great at stimulating bile production. You can choose from all dark green leafy vegetables, as well as beetroot, artichokes and pickles. Drinks such as roasted dandelion root tea, lemon tea, celery juice and coffee all stimulate bile production.

Is bile poisonous to humans?

The toxic portion of bile is dialyzable, and the non-dialyzable portion of bile is non- toxic.

What are the symptoms of lack of bile?

People who don’t produce enough bile salts, possibly because they’ve had their gallbladders removed, can experience:

  • diarrhea.
  • trapped gas.
  • bad-smelling gas.
  • stomach cramps.
  • erratic bowel movements.
  • weight loss.
  • pale-colored stools.